North America; 49 states (excluding Alaska), parts of Mexico, and parts of southern Canada
Adult wild turkeys have long reddish-yellow to grayish-green legs. The body feathers are generally blackish and dark, sometimes grey brown overall with a coppery sheen that becomes more complex in adult males. Adult males, called toms or gobblers, have a large, featherless, reddish head, red throat, and red wattles on the throat and neck. The head has fleshy growths called caruncles. Juvenile males are called jakes; the difference between an adult male and a juvenile is that the jake has a very short beard and his tail fan has longer feathers in the middle. The adult male (or "tom") normally weighs from 11 to 24 lb and measures 39–49 in long. The adult female (or "hen") is typically much smaller at 5.5–11.9 lb and is 30 to 37 in long.