Canada & Alaska east to Newfoundland, East Coast of the United States, Florida, lower California, Arizona, New Mexico, western Texas and northern Mexico. In Florida, black bears are localized in the following areas: Big Cypress Swamp, Ocala National Forest, and the Everglades.
Head and body measure on average about 63 inches long (5.25 feet); tail is short (4 inches); head is large with long tapering nose; nose pad broad; nostril openings large; eyes small and black; ears round and prominent; legs heavily constructed; feet large, broad, and flat; five digits on both front and hind feet; each toe is equipped with a short, curved, non-retractable claw; males (250 to 500 lbs.) approximately 50% larger than females (225 to 450 lbs.).