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Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens

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Protected Species

The Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens, and all zoos in the State of Florida, operate under three different “protected” species lists.  Each is generally referred to as an “endangered species” list, and each has very little to do with the other two.  All three lists have their own distinctive listing of levels of endangerment.  One list is international, one is American, and one is Floridian.

The Florida animal list is Florida’s Endangered Species, Threatened Species And Species Of Special Concern which is published by the Bureau of Non-game Wildlife, Division of Wildlife, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Florida.  The plant list is the Notes on Florida’s Endangered and Threatened Plants produced by the Division of Plant Industry of the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Gainesville, FL.  These endangered lists only apply to Florida. 

The American lists are the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and the List of Endangered and Threatened Plants.  They are published as part of the Federal Register.  These are the U.S. Endangered Species Act lists are administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  They only apply to the United States.  The flora and fauna lists can be found on the US Fish and Wildlife Service’s Web site.

The international list for both animals and plants is the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s IUCN Red List.  It is compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre and published periodically by the IUCN – The World Conservation Union.  Although headquartered in Gland, Switzerland, there is an office in New York City.  The IUCN Red List can be found on their Web site.

Protected and SSP Species at the Jacksonville Zoo and Gardens (PDF)

Species Taxonomy FL US
I or II
Ring-Tailed Lemur Lemur catta E NT I Y
Black & White Ruffed Lemur Varecia variegata variegata E CE I Y
Pygmy Marmoset Callithrix pygmaea II
Cotton-Top Tamarin Saguinus oedipus E CE I Y
Common Squirrel Monkey Saimiri sciureus II
White-Faced Saki Pithecia pithecia II
Lion-Tailed Macaque Macaca silenus E E I Y
Mandrill Mandrill E V I Y
Angolan Colobus Monkey Colobus angolensis II Y
Guereza Colobus Monkey Colobus guereza II Y
Siamang Hylobates syndactylus E E I Y
Western Lowland Gorilla Gorilla gorilla gorilla E CE I Y
Bonobo Pan paniscus E E I Y
S. Three-Banded Armadillo Tolypeutes matacus NT
Giant Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla NT II
Red Wolf Canis rufus E CE Y
American Black Bear Ursus americanus T II
North American River Otter Lontra canadensis II
Giant Otter Pteronura brasiliensis E E I
Bobcat Lynx rufus II
Florida Panther Puma concolor coryi E E I
African Lion Panthera leo V II Y
Jaguar Panthera onca E NT I Y
Amur Leopard Panthera pardus orientalis E NT I Y
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus E V I Y
African Elephant Loxodonta africana T NT I Y
Grevy’s Zebra Equus grevyi T E I Y
Baird’s Tapir Tapirus bairdii E E I Y
Southern White Rhinoceros Ceratotherium simum simum NT II* Y
Southern Pudu Pudu puda E V I
Eastern Bongo Tragelaphus eurycerus E Y
Speke’s Gazelle Gazella spekei E Y
Ostrich Struthio camelus I
Double-Wattled Cassowary Casuarius casuarius V
Eastern Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis carolinensis SS
Double-Crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus SOC
Scarlet Ibis Eudocimus ruber II
Roseate Spoonbill Ajaia ajaja SS
Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor NT II
American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber II
Coscoroba Swan Coscoroba coscoroba II
Black-Necked Swan Cygnus melanocoryphus II
Orinoco Goose Neochen jubata NT
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii II
Buzzard Eagle
(on loan out)
Geranoaetus melanoleucus II
Palm-Nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis II
Afri. White-Backed Vulture Gyps africanus II
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus T I
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja E NT I
Lappet-Faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotus V II
White-Headed Piping Guan Aburria pipile cumanensis I
Blue-Billed Curassow Crax alberti CE
Kori Bustard Ardeotis kori II
Stanley Crane Anthropoides paradisea V II
African Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum II
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus V II Y
Whooping Crane Grus americana SS
Florida Sandhill Crane Grus canadensis pratensis T II
Nicobar Pigeon Caloenas nicobarica NT I
Victoria Crowned Pigeon Goura victoria V II
Jambu Fruit Dove Ptilinopus jambu NT
Streaked Lory Chalcopsitta sintillata II
Stella’s Lory Charmosyna papou II
Blue-Streaked Lory Eos reticulata NT II
Black-Capped Lory Lorius lorry II
Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus h. haematodus II
Australian Rainbow Lorikeet Trichoglossus h. moluccanus II
Orange-Winged Amazon Amazona amazonica II
Blue-and-Yellow Macaw Ara ararauna II
Green-Winged Macaw Ara chloroptera II
Scarlet Macaw Ara macao I
Livingstone’s Turaco Tauraco corythaix livingstoni II
White-Crested Turaco
(on loan out)
Tauroco leucolophus II
Milky Eagle Owl Bubo lacteus II
Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus II
Screech Owl Otus asio II
Barred Owl Strix varia II
Black-Necked Aracari Pteroglossus aracari II
Swainson’s Toucan Ramphastos ambiguous swainsonii Y
Bali Mynah Leucopsar rothschildi E CE I Y
Arrau Turtle Podocnemis expansa E LR-CD II
Central Am. River Turtle Dermatemys mawii E LR-CD II
Spotted Pond Turtle Clemmys guttata V
Common Box Turtle Terrapene carolina LR-NT II
Florida Box Turtle Terrapene carolina bauri LR-NT II
Tobasco Slider Trachemys scripta venusta LR-NT
S. Am. Red-Footed Tortoise Geochelone carbonaria II
Aldabra Tortoise
(on loan out)
Geochelone gigantea V II
Leopard Tortoise Geochelone pardalis SS
Gopher Tortoise Gopherus polyphemus SS
Bell’s Hingeback Tortoise Kinixys belliana II
Serrated Hingeback Tortoise Kinixys erosa DD II
Pancake Tortoise Malacochersus tornieri V II
American Alligator Alligator mississippiensis SS
Nile Crocodile Crocodylus niloticus T I/II
Beaded Lizard Heloderma horridum V II
Caiman Lizard Dracaena guianensis II
Komodo Dragon / Ora Varanus komodoensis E I I Y
Dumeril’s Ground Boa Acrantophis dumerili V I
Boa Constrictor Boa constrictor II
Emerald Tree Boa Corallus caninus II
Amazon Tree Boa Corallus hortulanus hortulanus II
Brazilian Rainbow Boa Epicrates cenchria cenchria II
Green Anaconda Eunectes murinus II
Royal/Ball Python Python regius II
African Rock Python Python sebae II
Eastern Indigo Snake Drymarchon corais couperi T T
Cornsnake / Red Rat Snake Elaphe guttata guttata SS
Florida Pine Snake Pituophis melanoleucus mugitus SS
Taylor’s Cantil Agkistrodon bilineatus taylori NT
Aruba Island Rattlesnake Crotalus durissus unicolor T CE Y
Striped Newt Notophthalmus perstriatus NT
Panamanian Golden Frog Atelopus varius zeteki E CE I Y
Colorado River Toad Bufo alvarius SOC
Puerto Rican Crested Toad Peltophryne lemur T CE Y
Green-and-Black Poison Dart Frog Dendrobates auratus II
Blue Poison Dart Frog Dendrobates azureus II
Yellow-and-Blue Poison Dart Frog Dendrobates tinctorius II
Florida Gopher Frog Rana capito aesopus SS
Vietnamese Mossy Frog Theloderma corticale DD
Arapaima / Pirarucu Arapaima gigas DD II


(on loan out) = all specimens out on loan to another Zoo(s)

US Endangered Species Act
E = Endangered
EXPN = Experimental Population, Non-Essential
SOC = Species of Concern
T = Threatened

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITIES)
I = includes all species threatened with extinction which are or may be affected by trade
II = includes all species although not necessarily now threatened with extinction may become so unless trade in specimens of such species is subject to strict regulation in order to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival
* = asterisk means that the species is not protected in all countries, but is protected at the level indicated in the countries in which it is protected
/ = diagonal means that the species is protected in all countries at one of the various levels listed

IUCN Red Data Book
CE = Critically Endangered
DD = Data Deficient
E = Endangered
Ex = Extinct in the Wild
I = Indeterminate (as to Endangered, Vulnerable, or Rare)
K = Insufficiently Known
LR-CD = Lower Risk – Conservation Dependant
LR-NT = Lower Risk – Near Threatened
NT = Near Threatened
T = Threatened
V = Vulnerable

Florida Endangered Species List
E = Endangered
E* = Endangered (lower Florida Keys)
SSC = Species of Special Concern
SSC* = Species of Special Concern (in an isolated area of Florida)
T = Threatened
C = Commercially Exploited

Species Survival Plan (SSP)
Y = Yes